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Dog Triple Test Distemper, Adenovirus, Parainfluenza Swab Kit
- Highly accurate results within 5 minutes
- Can use ocular (eye) or nasal secretions for the test sample
- Detects Distemper virus, Adenovirus Type-2 & Parainfluenza in dogs
- Time to expiry will be at least 6 months
- Ideal for Vets but also suitable for home testing as each pack contains everything you need to carry out 1 test
What is Canine Distemper virus?
Canine distemper is a virus that affects a dog’s respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems, as well as the conjunctival membranes of the eye.
What are the symptoms of Canine Distemper virus?
The first signs of canine distemper include sneezing, coughing and thick mucus coming from the eyes and nose. Fever, lethargy, sudden vomiting and diarrhoea, depression and/or loss of appetite are also symptoms of the virus.
How do dogs contract the infection?
The virus is passed from dog to dog through direct contact with fresh urine, blood or saliva. Sneezing, coughing and sharing food and water bowls are all possible ways for the virus to be passed on.
What are Canine Adenovirus Type-2 & Canine Parainfluenza?
Canine adenovirus type 2 causes respiratory disease in dogs and is one of the infectious agents commonly associated with canine infectious tracheobronchitis, which is also known as “kennel cough”.
Canine Parainfluenza is another one of the main viruses that can cause kennel cough in dogs.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of kennel cough include:
• A dry, hacking cough
• Retching and gagging
• Coughing up a white, foamy discharge
• Nasal discharge
How do dogs contract the infection?
Kennel cough is highly contagious and spreads quickly among dogs that are housed together (For example, kennels, veterinary clinics). It is spread mainly via direct (nose-to-nose) and indirect contact with nasal secretions of infected dogs.
Why do I need this Test?
CAV-2 can be the primary virus involved in kennel cough, but infections involving canine parainfluenza virus and canine distemper virus may also be involved, so it is important to determine which of the 3 (if any) your dog has, so that the right treatment can be administered.
Whilst there is currently no available medication that can destroy the virus that causes canine distemper, the virus spreads rapidly and must be aggressively treated as soon as it is discovered. Vets can offer intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration and antibiotics to ward off secondary infections while the infected dog builds up his immune response. Some dogs are able to survive the infection, while for others canine distemper can be fatal so early diagnosis and treatment is essential.
Many dogs can recover from Parainfluenza naturally, but they remain contagious and the virus can easily spread through respiratory secretions and through the air. For this reason, the virus is usually treated aggressively with antibiotics and antiviral drugs.
CAV-2 is typically self-limiting (resolving itself without treatment) in healthy dogs but Kennel cough can progress to fatal pneumonia in puppies, or to chronic bronchitis in older dogs so treatment may be required. Treatment is typically limited to supportive care, which may consist of fluids, rest, and antibiotics to treat secondary infections that may develop. Isolation from other dogs is mandatory.
How do I perform the Test?
It is very simple – just use the enclosed cotton swab to obtain ocular or nasal sample, mix it with the test solution and then add 3 drops to each sample well on the test cassette. You will then be able to read the results after 5 minutes. A positive or negative result is indicated by 2 or only 1 line in the test window respectively.
The best time to test is during the shedding phase and/or when the symptoms appear. If tested outside this time period, you may get a false negative result.
What should I do if I get a positive result?
You must see your Vet immediately so that he/she can start treatment ASAP.