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Dog Triple Test Distemper, Adenovirus Type 1, Influenza Swab Kit

One Step
  • Description
  • Highly accurate results within 5 minutes
  • Can use ocular (eye) or nasal secretions for the test sample
  • Detects Distemper virus, Adenovirus Type-I & Influenza in dogs
  • Ideal for Vets but also suitable for home testing as each pack contains everything you need to carry out 1 test

What is Canine Distemper virus?
Canine distemper is a virus that affects a dog’s respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems, as well as the conjunctival membranes of the eye.

What are the symptoms of Canine Distemper virus?
The first signs of canine distemper include sneezing, coughing and thick mucus coming from the eyes and nose. Fever, lethargy, sudden vomiting and diarrhoea, depression and/or loss of appetite are also symptoms of the virus.

How do dogs contract the infection?
The virus is passed from dog to dog through direct contact with fresh urine, blood or saliva. Sneezing, coughing and sharing food and water bowls are all possible ways for the virus to be passed on.

Why do I need this Test?
Whilst there is currently no available medication that can destroy the virus that causes canine distemper, the virus spreads rapidly and must be aggressively treated as soon as it is discovered. Vets can offer intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration and antibiotics to ward off secondary infections while the infected dog builds up his immune response. Some dogs are able to survive the infection, while for others canine distemper can be fatal so early diagnosis and treatment is essential.

What is Canine Adenovirus Type-1?
Adenovirus 1 is the more severe version of the two kinds of adenovirus known to cause infectious disease in dogs; it causes infectious hepatitis, a serious liver disease which can be fatal in about 10-30% of cases.

What are the symptoms of Canine Adenovirus Type-1?
Initially, the virus affects the tonsils and larynx causing a sore throat, coughing, and occasionally pneumonia. As it enters the bloodstream, it can affect the eyes, liver, and kidneys. The clear portion of the eyes, called the cornea, may appear cloudy or bluish. The name ‘hepatitis blue eye’ has been used to describe eyes so affected. As the liver and kidneys fail, one may notice seizures, increased thirst, vomiting, and/or diarrhoea.

How do dogs contract the infection?
The virus is spread via faeces and contaminated fluids from infected dogs, and may be present in a recovered dog for at least six months. It is more common and more severe among young dogs who have not yet been vaccinated.

Why do I need this Test?
There is no cure for adenovirus 1, but treatment can decrease the severity of the symptoms. Antibiotics are given to eliminate the development of bacterial infection which can result from a weakened immune system. Maintaining fluids and healthy blood levels can increase your dog’s chance of survival, but recovery will also depend on the severity of the attack. It is important to diagnose CAV-1 before the virus causes extensive, long-lasting damage to your dog’s organs.

What is Canine Influenza virus?
Canine influenza virus (CIV) or dog flu, is a highly contagious viral infection affecting dogs and is one of the viral causes of kennel cough. Because CIV is a relatively new virus, most dogs have not been exposed to it before. Dogs of any age, breed and vaccine status are susceptible to this infection.

What are the symptoms of Canine Influenza virus?
While most dogs will show typical symptoms of kennel cough, a small percentage of dogs will develop a more severe illness. Symptoms of canine influenza virus include:

• Coughing
• Sneezing
• Variable fever
• Clear nasal discharge that progresses to thick, yellowish-green mucus
• Rapid/difficult breathing
• Loss of appetite
• Lethargy

How do dogs contract the infection?
The virus does not survive for a long time in the environment, so dogs usually get CIV when they are in close proximity to other infectious dogs.

Why do I need this Test?
If CIV is quickly diagnosed and treated, the fatality rate is quite low. Deaths are usually caused by secondary complications, such as pneumonia. It is very important that dogs with CIV receive proper veterinary care.

How do I perform the Test?
It is very simple – just use the enclosed cotton swab to obtain ocular or nasal sample, mix it with the test solution and then add 3 drops to each sample well on the test cassette. You will then be able to read the results after 5 minutes. A positive or negative result is indicated by 2 or only 1 line in the test window respectively.

The best time to test is during the shedding phase and/or when the symptoms appear. If tested outside this time period, you may get a false negative result.

What should I do if I get a positive result?
You must see your Vet immediately so that he/she can start treatment ASAP.

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